Relative Purchasing Power Parity for 2021

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Relative Purchasing Power Parity Guide

Updated September 16, 2021

Relative Purchasing Power Parity

PPP or purchasing power parity is a common term in the financial world and RPPP or relative purchasing power parity is simply an expansion of it. The traditional PPP is an economic theory that is comprised of the changes taking place within inflation over time.

The power of money with respect to buying volume or number of goods or services is referred to as purchasing power. The purchasing power can be reduced by inflation. Here, the RPPP refers to such nations which have higher rates of inflation and reciprocated with a devalued currency.

Relative Purchasing Power Parity - Key Highlights

Relative Purchasing Power Parity - Explained

The difference in the inflation rates, as well as the commodities costs between the two countries, is seen to lead to changes in the exchange rate between them. It is an expansion of the PPP and complements the absolute purchasing power parity or APPP theory.

APPP states that the rate of exchanges between two countries would be the same as the price level ratio of the same countries.

The PPP calculation formulation is as below:

S = P1 divided by P2

S here refers to the rate of exchange of the first currency to the second while P1 and P2 are the cost of a good in the first currency and cost of a good in the second currency respectively.

PPP Theory

It gives the idea that the cost of goods in two countries will be the same if the exchange rate is applied. This means the two currencies are on par in such a situation when the value of a market basket of goods is the same in both countries.

In short, it can be said that the theory explains price comparison of the same items in different countries. The PPP rate is determined here. But it is important to note that exact comparison is not easy as product quality may differ, consumers may have different attitudes and the conditions may not be the same in the two countries.

Moreover, it is always said that the PPP is just a theoretical concept and may not exist in the real world.

Relative Purchasing Power Parity - Dynamics

The RPPP relates the change in the inflation rates in two countries that then causes a change in their rates of exchange. It is believed the inflation reduces the real purchasing power of a currency. This means if the inflation rate is 10 percent, consumers may be able to purchase less real goods by 10 percent.

APPP maintains the rate of exchange between two countries and this is complemented by the RPPP. The law of one price is the basic idea behind the concept. It states that a good's real cost may be the same in all the countries following exchange rate consideration.

Relative Purchasing Power Parity - Example

If the average prices of goods increases by 3 percent in the United States due to inflation and simultaneously the same happens in Mexico but by 6 percent, it can be said that Mexico has comparatively higher inflation as prices have risen by 3 points more.

With the PPP theory, it can be said that the 3 point difference may lead to a 3 point change in the rate of exchange between the two countries. This means the Mexican currency will devalue by 3 percent per year. It can also be said that the US currency may appreciate by 3 percent per year.

Relative Purchasing Power Parity - Verdict

In this article titled Relative Purchasing Power Parity, we discussed three terms with much clarity. These are the RPPP, the PPP and the APPP. All three are co-related and RPPP is in fact an expansion of the PPP.

RPPP is a dynamic version while PPP is a static one. PPP theoretically understands the macroeconomics while the RPPP is not true in a short period.

APPP meanwhile maintains the rate of exchange between two countries and RPPP complements it.

The make the article more understandable, we discussed an example of the US and Mexico. We found out why the Mexican peso depreciated while the USD appreciated with a 3 point difference.

We've collected thousands of datapoints and written a guide to help you find the best Relative Purchasing Power Parity for you. We hope this guide helps you find a reputable broker that matches what you need. We list the what we think are the best Investment Platforms below.

Reputable Relative Purchasing Power Parity Checklist

There are a number of important factors to consider when picking an online Investment Platforms trading brokerage.

Our team have listed brokers that match your criteria for you below. All brokerage data has been summarised into a comparison table. Scroll down.

Our brokerage comparison table below allows you to compare the below features for brokers offering Investment Platforms.

We compare these features to make it easier for you to make a more informed choice.

Top 15 Investment Platforms of 2021 compared

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Compare Investment Platforms min deposits, regulation, headquarters, benefits, funding methods and fees side by side.

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Broker eToro XTB IC Markets AvaTrade Roboforex Pepperstone XM FP Markets Plus500 FXPrimus EasyMarkets
Rating
Regulation Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Markets In Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID), Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), FCA number FRN 522157, Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), CySEC Licence Number: 169/12, Comisión Nacional del Mercado de Valores, Komisja Nadzoru Finansowego, Belize International Financial Services Commission (IFSC) under license number IFSC/60/413/TS/19, Polish Securities and Exchange Commission (KPWiG) Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), Financial Services Authority (FSA), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC) Central Bank of Ireland, Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), Financial Services Authority (FSA), South African Financial Sector Conduct Authority (FSCA), Financial Stability Board (FSB), Abu Dhabi Global Markets (ADGM), Financial Regulatory Services Authority (FRSA), British Virgin Islands Financial Services Commission (BVI) Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC) Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Federal Financial Supervisory Authority (BaFin), Dubai Financial Services Authority (DFSA), Capital Markets Authority of Kenya (CMA), Pepperstone Markets Limited is incorporated in The Bahamas (number 177174 B), Licensed by the Securities Commission of the Bahamas (SCB) number SIA-F217 International Financial Services Commission (IFSC), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC) Plus500UK Ltd authorized & regulated by the FCA (#509909), Plus500CY Ltd authorized & regulated by CySEC (#250/14), Plus500AU Pty Ltd (ACN 153301681), ASIC in Australia AFSL #417727, FMA in New Zealand, FSP #486026 and Authorised Financial Services Provider in South Africa FSP #47546 Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Markets In Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID) Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC)
Min Deposit 50 No minimum deposit 200 250 1 200 5 100 100 100 100
Funding
  • Bank transfer
  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
  • Bank transfer
  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
  • Bank transfer
  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
  • Bank transfer
  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
  • Bank transfer
  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
  • Bank transfer
  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
  • Bank transfer
  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
  • Bank transfer
  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
  • Bank transfer
  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
  • Bank transfer
  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
  • Bank transfer
  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
Used By 20,000,000+ 250,000+ 180,000+ 200,000+ 10,000+ 89,000+ 3,500,000+ 10,000+ 15,500+ 10,000+ 142,500+
Benefits
  • Offers STP
  • Low min deposit
  • Offers Negative Balance Protection
  • Allows scalping
  • Allows hedging
  • Offers STP
  • Low min deposit
  • Offers Negative Balance Protection
  • Allows scalping
  • Allows hedging
  • Low min deposit
  • Offers Negative Balance Protection
  • Allows scalping
  • Allows hedging
  • Low min deposit
  • Allows scalping
  • Allows hedging
  • Offers STP
  • Low min deposit
  • Allows scalping
  • Allows hedging
  • Offers STP
  • Low min deposit
  • Offers Negative Balance Protection
  • Allows scalping
  • Allows hedging
  • Low min deposit
  • Offers Negative Balance Protection
  • Allows scalping
  • Allows hedging
  • Offers STP
  • Low min deposit
  • Offers Negative Balance Protection
  • Low min deposit
  • Offers Negative Balance Protection
  • Allows scalping
  • Allows hedging
  • Offers STP
  • Low min deposit
  • Allows scalping
  • Allows hedging
  • Low min deposit
  • Guaranteed stop loss
  • Offers Negative Balance Protection
Accounts
  • Demo account
  • Standard account
  • Islamic account
  • Pro account
  • Demo account
  • Micro account
  • Mini account
  • Standard account
  • Islamic account
  • Demo account
  • Mini account
  • Standard account
  • Zero spread account
  • Raw Spread account
  • Islamic account
  • Demo account
  • Micro account
  • Mini account
  • Standard account
  • Islamic account
  • Demo account
  • Micro account
  • Mini account
  • Standard account
  • Zero spread account
  • ECN account
  • Islamic account
  • Demo account
  • Mini account
  • Standard account
  • ECN account
  • Islamic account
  • Demo account
  • Micro account
  • Standard account
  • Zero spread account
  • Islamic account
  • Demo account
  • Mini account
  • Standard account
  • Zero spread account
  • ECN account
  • Managed account
  • Islamic account
  • Demo account
  • Standard account
  • Islamic account
  • Demo account
  • Micro account
  • Mini account
  • Standard account
  • ECN account
  • Managed account
  • Islamic account
  • Demo account
  • Micro account
  • Mini account
  • Standard account
  • Islamic account
Spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
Platforms Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps MT4, Mirror Trader, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps MT4, MT5, Mirror Trader, ZuluTrade, Web Trader, cTrader, Mac Web Trader, MT4, MT5, AvaTradeGo, AvaOptions, Mac, Mobile Apps, ZuluTrade, DupliTrade, MQL5 MT4, MT5, Mac, Web Trader, cTrader, Tablet & Mobile apps MT4, MT5, Mac, ZuluTrade, Web Trader, cTrader, Tablet & Mobile apps MT4, MT5, Mac, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps MT4, MT5, IRESS, Mac, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps MT4, Mac, Mirror Trader, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps MT4, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps
Support
  • Live chat
  • Phone support
  • Email support
  • Live chat
  • Phone support
  • Email support
  • Live chat
  • Phone support
  • Email support
  • Live chat
  • Phone support
  • Email support
  • Live chat
  • Phone support
  • Email support
  • Live chat
  • Phone support
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  • Live chat
  • Phone support
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  • Live chat
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  • Live chat
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xm
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fxprimus
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easymarkets
Risk Warning 67% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. 77% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. Losses can exceed deposits 72% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider Losses can exceed deposits CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 79.3% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money Your capital is at risk Losses can exceed deposits 72% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. Losses can exceed deposits Your capital is at risk
Demo eToro
Demo
XTB
Demo
IC Markets
Demo
AvaTrade
Demo
Roboforex
Demo
Pepperstone
Demo
XM
Demo
FP Markets
Demo
Plus500
Demo
FXPrimus
Demo
easyMarkets
Demo
Excluded Countries ID, IR, KP, BE, CA, JP, SY, TR, IL, BY, AL, MD, MK, RS, GN, CD, SD, ZW, ET, GH, TZ, LY, UG, ZM, BW, RW, TN, SO, NA, TG, SL, LR, GM, DJ, CI, PK, BN, TW, WS, NP, SG, VI, TM, TJ, UZ, LK, TT, HT, MM, BT, MH, MV, KZ, GD, FJ, BB, BM, BS, AG, AI, AW, LB, SV, US, PY, HN, GT, PR, NI, VG, AN, US, IN, PK, BD, NG , ID, BE, AU AF, GN, SL, BW, IR, SY, MM, IQ, TG, KH, LS, YE, CI , LR, ZW, CU, LY, TZ, CG, ML, BO, LR, NE, AO, GM, NG, AG, GH, KR, KG, GN, SN, NA BE, BR, KP, NZ, TR, US, CA, SG US, JP BR, KR, IR, IQ, SY, JP, US US, CA, IL, KR, IR, MM, CU, SD, SY US, JP, NZ MY, BE, US, CA, CN, ID, PH, TG, NG, DO, MA, ZW, PR, TZ, TN, UG, BW, AO, AE AF, CI, CU, IQ, IR, LY, MM, KR, SD, PR, US, AU, SY, DZ, JP, EC. US

eToro Risk Disclosure

eToro is a multi-asset platform which offers both investing in stocks and cryptoassets, as well as trading CFDs.

Please note that CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 67% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work, and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.

Past performance is not an indication of future results.

Cryptoassets are volatile instruments which can fluctuate widely in a very short timeframe and therefore are not appropriate for all investors. Other than via CFDs, trading cryptoassets is unregulated and therefore is not supervised by any EU regulatory framework.

eToro USA LLC does not offer CFDs and makes no representation and assumes no liability as to the accuracy or completeness of the content of this publication, which has been prepared by our partner utilizing publicly available non-entity specific information about eToro.


All Investment Platforms in more detail

You can compare Investment Platforms ratings, min deposits what the the broker offers, funding methods, platforms, spread types, customer support options, regulation and account types side by side.

We also have an indepth Top Investment Platforms for 2021 article further below. You can see it now by clicking here

We have listed top Investment Platforms below.

Relative Purchasing Power Parity List

eToro
(4/5)
Min deposit : 50
Visit eToro Try a Demo Read review

eToro is a multi-asset platform which offers both investing in stocks and cryptoassets, as well as trading CFDs.

Please note that CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 67% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work, and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.

Past performance is not an indication of future results.

Cryptoassets are volatile instruments which can fluctuate widely in a very short timeframe and therefore are not appropriate for all investors. Other than via CFDs, trading cryptoassets is unregulated and therefore is not supervised by any EU regulatory framework.

eToro USA LLC does not offer CFDs and makes no representation and assumes no liability as to the accuracy or completeness of the content of this publication, which has been prepared by our partner utilizing publicly available non-entity specific information about eToro.

eToro was established in 2007 and is used by over 20000000+ traders. 67% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. eToro offers Stocks, Commodities, Forex, CFDs, Social Trading, Indices, Cryptocurrency, Index Based Funds, Exchange Traded Funds (ETF). Cryptocurrency availability with eToro is subject to regulation. Buying and selling real cryptocurrency assets may not be available in your country through eToro. Please check the latest information made available on their website.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Markets In Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID), Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC)
XTB
(4/5)
Min deposit : 0
XTB was established in 2002 and is used by over 250000+ traders. 77% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. XTB offers Forex, CFDs, Cryptocurrency. Cryptocurrency availability with XTB is subject to regulation.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

MT4, Mirror Trader, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), FCA number FRN 522157, Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), CySEC Licence Number: 169/12, Comisión Nacional del Mercado de Valores, Komisja Nadzoru Finansowego, Belize International Financial Services Commission (IFSC) under license number IFSC/60/413/TS/19, Polish Securities and Exchange Commission (KPWiG)
IC Markets
(4/5)
Min deposit : 200
IC Markets was established in 2007 and is used by over 180000+ traders. Losses can exceed deposits IC Markets offers Forex, CFDs, Spread Betting, Share dealing, Cryptocurrencies. Cryptocurrency availability with IC Markets is subject to regulation.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

MT4, MT5, Mirror Trader, ZuluTrade, Web Trader, cTrader, Mac

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), Financial Services Authority (FSA), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC)
AvaTrade
(4/5)
Min deposit : 250
AvaTrade was established in 2006 and is used by over 200000+ traders. 72% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider AvaTrade offers Forex, CFDs, Spread Betting, Social Trading.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

Web Trader, MT4, MT5, AvaTradeGo, AvaOptions, Mac, Mobile Apps, ZuluTrade, DupliTrade, MQL5

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Central Bank of Ireland, Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), Financial Services Authority (FSA), South African Financial Sector Conduct Authority (FSCA), Financial Stability Board (FSB), Abu Dhabi Global Markets (ADGM), Financial Regulatory Services Authority (FRSA), British Virgin Islands Financial Services Commission (BVI)
Roboforex
(4/5)
Min deposit : 1
Roboforex was established in 2009 and is used by over 10000+ traders. Losses can exceed deposits Roboforex offers Forex, CFDs.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

MT4, MT5, Mac, Web Trader, cTrader, Tablet & Mobile apps

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC)
Pepperstone
(4/5)
Min deposit : 200
Pepperstone was established in 2010 and is used by over 89000+ traders. CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 79.3% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money Pepperstone offers Forex, CFDs, Social Trading.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

MT4, MT5, Mac, ZuluTrade, Web Trader, cTrader, Tablet & Mobile apps

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Federal Financial Supervisory Authority (BaFin), Dubai Financial Services Authority (DFSA), Capital Markets Authority of Kenya (CMA), Pepperstone Markets Limited is incorporated in The Bahamas (number 177174 B), Licensed by the Securities Commission of the Bahamas (SCB) number SIA-F217
XM
(4/5)
Min deposit : 5
XM was established in 2009 and is used by over 3500000+ traders. Your capital is at risk XM offers Forex, CFDs.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

MT4, MT5, Mac, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by International Financial Services Commission (IFSC), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC)
FP Markets
(4/5)
Min deposit : 100
FP Markets was established in 2005 and is used by over 10000+ traders. Losses can exceed deposits FP Markets offers Forex, CFDs.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

MT4, MT5, IRESS, Mac, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC)
Plus500
(4/5)
Min deposit : 100
Plus500 was established in 2008 and is used by over 15500+ traders. 72% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. Plus500 offers CFDs.


Plus500 offer a 100% Free and Unlimited Demo account No Deposit fees/Commissions No hidden fees Competitive fees Tight Spreads

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Plus500UK Ltd authorized & regulated by the FCA (#509909), Plus500CY Ltd authorized & regulated by CySEC (#250/14), Plus500AU Pty Ltd (ACN 153301681), ASIC in Australia AFSL #417727, FMA in New Zealand, FSP #486026 and Authorised Financial Services Provider in South Africa FSP #47546
FXPrimus
(4/5)
Min deposit : 100
FXPrimus was established in 2009 and is used by over 10000+ traders. Losses can exceed deposits FXPrimus offers Forex, Social Trading.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

MT4, Mac, Mirror Trader, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Markets In Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID)
EasyMarkets
(4/5)
Min deposit : 100
easyMarkets was established in 2001 and is used by over 142500+ traders. Your capital is at risk easyMarkets offers CFD, Forex, Commodities, Indices, Shares, Crypto. Cryptocurrency availability with easyMarkets is subject to regulation.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

MT4, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC)

Learn more Learn more about eToro.
67% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider.