Options Risks for 2021

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Options Risks Guide

Updated September 22, 2021

Options Risks

The investment world is vast. One can invest in stocks, bonds, mutual funds, commodities, options, futures, and more. Mutual funds are often preferred, even though fees are charged, as there are no management stresses. Besides mutual funds, many invest in bonds and stocks to gain greater profits. Some invest in options to increase net worth, which happens if the strategy pans out right.

In this article titled Options Risks, we will take a deeper look at the instrument and the associated risks.

Options Risks Key Highlights

Options are contracts between two parties that grant the rights to buy or sell the underlying asset at a pre-defined future time, and at a specific price.

Options contracts are mainly used by investors or companies to hedge or reduce risk exposure to price fluctuations.

Traders can use options for price speculation. They can also be used to sell insurance to hedgers.

Options Explained

With an options agreement, two parties agree on a buy or sell of security at future date and at a specific price. For example, if an investor is looking to buy 100,000 shares of a company for $5 per share but lacks the necessary funds, they may buy option at $5 per share for $5,000.

Say, after about a couple of days, the company releases better earnings and claims to have invented the machine that will solve world hunger. With this news, the stock shoots up to $50 per share. Exercising the option, the invester has spent $500,000 for a trade that has a value of $5,000,000. Selling the asset will lead them to profit $4,495,000.

The opposite can also happen. Undergoing more than sustainable losses, the company declares bankruptcy. The price drops to $0 per share. Here, the whole investment of $5,000 is lost. However, there are various options and below are some significant ones:

Buy a Call

The above example defines buying a call. One buys the option to buy at a particular price.

Sell a Call

If one has stocks, they can sell the option to another trader.

Buy a Put

One may own the stock or not, but buys the option to sell at a particular price.

Sell a Put

Traders must own the stock for this option. Here, one sells the option to sell to another trader.

How Options Trading is Risky

By now we have understood what options trading is. Let us next explain the associated risks. All options do not carry equal risk. The risk to the seller is different to that of a buyer.

Call Holders

Buying a call means buying the right to purchase at a pre-defined price. If the price goes up, it is an advantage as the purchase is done at a lower price. If the price goes down, it means a loss.

Put Holders

In a put, a trader buys the right to sell at a pre-defined price. If the price rises, it is a loss to sell at a lower price. If the price dips, it means a profit to be able to sell at a higher price.

Call Writers

If one sells a call, they are in fact selling the right to purchase from another trader. Here, the upside potential is considered premium while the downside is unlimited. The trader looks for the price to remain almost the same. This means the buyer may not exercise the option and he cannot force the other party to sell.

Put Writers

If a trader sells a put, he is selling the right to sell to another person. The upside potential here is a premium for the option. One hopes, in this situation, that the price will remain above the strike price. This means the buyer may not force the other party to sell above the worth price of the stock.

In short, if a trader buys an option, the downside potential is considered as the premium spent on the option. Selling a call here means unlimited downside potential.

Options Risks Verdict

As discussed above, options are contracts between two parties with respect to the right to buy or sell a stock at a specific price and at a future date. These are mainly used by companies and investors to reduce or hedge risk exposures to fluctuations in prices.

Some also use it to speculate the price of an underlying asset. It is mostly used to sell insurance to the hedgers.

The options risks are high and are basically dependant on luck. However, some calculations and analyses may work in speculating whether the price of a stock will rise or fall in near future.

We've collected thousands of datapoints and written a guide to help you find the best Options Risks for you. We hope this guide helps you find a reputable broker that matches what you need. We list the what we think are the best Investment Platforms below.

Reputable Options Risks Checklist

There are a number of important factors to consider when picking an online Investment Platforms trading brokerage.

Our team have listed brokers that match your criteria for you below. All brokerage data has been summarised into a comparison table. Scroll down.

Our brokerage comparison table below allows you to compare the below features for brokers offering Investment Platforms.

We compare these features to make it easier for you to make a more informed choice.

Top 15 Investment Platforms of 2021 compared

Here are the top Investment Platforms.

Compare Investment Platforms min deposits, regulation, headquarters, benefits, funding methods and fees side by side.

All brokers below are Investment Platforms. Learn more about what they offer below.

You can scroll left and right on the comparison table below to see more Investment Platforms that accept Investment Platforms clients

Broker eToro XTB IC Markets AvaTrade Roboforex Pepperstone XM FP Markets Plus500 FXPrimus EasyMarkets
Rating
Regulation Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Markets In Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID), Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), FCA number FRN 522157, Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), CySEC Licence Number: 169/12, Comisión Nacional del Mercado de Valores, Komisja Nadzoru Finansowego, Belize International Financial Services Commission (IFSC) under license number IFSC/60/413/TS/19, Polish Securities and Exchange Commission (KPWiG) Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), Financial Services Authority (FSA), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC) Central Bank of Ireland, Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), Financial Services Authority (FSA), South African Financial Sector Conduct Authority (FSCA), Financial Stability Board (FSB), Abu Dhabi Global Markets (ADGM), Financial Regulatory Services Authority (FRSA), British Virgin Islands Financial Services Commission (BVI) Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC) Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Federal Financial Supervisory Authority (BaFin), Dubai Financial Services Authority (DFSA), Capital Markets Authority of Kenya (CMA), Pepperstone Markets Limited is incorporated in The Bahamas (number 177174 B), Licensed by the Securities Commission of the Bahamas (SCB) number SIA-F217 International Financial Services Commission (IFSC), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC) Plus500UK Ltd authorized & regulated by the FCA (#509909), Plus500CY Ltd authorized & regulated by CySEC (#250/14), Plus500AU Pty Ltd (ACN 153301681), ASIC in Australia AFSL #417727, FMA in New Zealand, FSP #486026 and Authorised Financial Services Provider in South Africa FSP #47546 Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Markets In Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID) Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC)
Min Deposit 50 No minimum deposit 200 250 1 200 5 100 100 100 100
Funding
  • Bank transfer
  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
  • Bank transfer
  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
  • Bank transfer
  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
  • Bank transfer
  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
  • Bank transfer
  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
  • Bank transfer
  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
  • Bank transfer
  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
  • Bank transfer
  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
  • Bank transfer
  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
  • Bank transfer
  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
  • Bank transfer
  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
Used By 20,000,000+ 250,000+ 180,000+ 200,000+ 10,000+ 89,000+ 3,500,000+ 10,000+ 15,500+ 10,000+ 142,500+
Benefits
  • Offers STP
  • Low min deposit
  • Offers Negative Balance Protection
  • Allows scalping
  • Allows hedging
  • Offers STP
  • Low min deposit
  • Offers Negative Balance Protection
  • Allows scalping
  • Allows hedging
  • Low min deposit
  • Offers Negative Balance Protection
  • Allows scalping
  • Allows hedging
  • Low min deposit
  • Allows scalping
  • Allows hedging
  • Offers STP
  • Low min deposit
  • Allows scalping
  • Allows hedging
  • Offers STP
  • Low min deposit
  • Offers Negative Balance Protection
  • Allows scalping
  • Allows hedging
  • Low min deposit
  • Offers Negative Balance Protection
  • Allows scalping
  • Allows hedging
  • Offers STP
  • Low min deposit
  • Offers Negative Balance Protection
  • Low min deposit
  • Offers Negative Balance Protection
  • Allows scalping
  • Allows hedging
  • Offers STP
  • Low min deposit
  • Allows scalping
  • Allows hedging
  • Low min deposit
  • Guaranteed stop loss
  • Offers Negative Balance Protection
Accounts
  • Demo account
  • Standard account
  • Islamic account
  • Pro account
  • Demo account
  • Micro account
  • Mini account
  • Standard account
  • Islamic account
  • Demo account
  • Mini account
  • Standard account
  • Zero spread account
  • Raw Spread account
  • Islamic account
  • Demo account
  • Micro account
  • Mini account
  • Standard account
  • Islamic account
  • Demo account
  • Micro account
  • Mini account
  • Standard account
  • Zero spread account
  • ECN account
  • Islamic account
  • Demo account
  • Mini account
  • Standard account
  • ECN account
  • Islamic account
  • Demo account
  • Micro account
  • Standard account
  • Zero spread account
  • Islamic account
  • Demo account
  • Mini account
  • Standard account
  • Zero spread account
  • ECN account
  • Managed account
  • Islamic account
  • Demo account
  • Standard account
  • Islamic account
  • Demo account
  • Micro account
  • Mini account
  • Standard account
  • ECN account
  • Managed account
  • Islamic account
  • Demo account
  • Micro account
  • Mini account
  • Standard account
  • Islamic account
Spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
Platforms Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps MT4, Mirror Trader, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps MT4, MT5, Mirror Trader, ZuluTrade, Web Trader, cTrader, Mac Web Trader, MT4, MT5, AvaTradeGo, AvaOptions, Mac, Mobile Apps, ZuluTrade, DupliTrade, MQL5 MT4, MT5, Mac, Web Trader, cTrader, Tablet & Mobile apps MT4, MT5, Mac, ZuluTrade, Web Trader, cTrader, Tablet & Mobile apps MT4, MT5, Mac, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps MT4, MT5, IRESS, Mac, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps MT4, Mac, Mirror Trader, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps MT4, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps
Support
  • Live chat
  • Phone support
  • Email support
  • Live chat
  • Phone support
  • Email support
  • Live chat
  • Phone support
  • Email support
  • Live chat
  • Phone support
  • Email support
  • Live chat
  • Phone support
  • Email support
  • Live chat
  • Phone support
  • Email support
  • Live chat
  • Phone support
  • Email support
  • Live chat
  • Phone support
  • Email support
  • Live chat
  • Phone support
  • Email support
  • Live chat
  • Phone support
  • Email support
  • Live chat
  • Phone support
  • Email support
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xm
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plus500
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fxprimus
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easymarkets
Risk Warning 67% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. 77% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. Losses can exceed deposits 72% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider Losses can exceed deposits CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 79.3% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money Your capital is at risk Losses can exceed deposits 72% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. Losses can exceed deposits Your capital is at risk
Demo eToro
Demo
XTB
Demo
IC Markets
Demo
AvaTrade
Demo
Roboforex
Demo
Pepperstone
Demo
XM
Demo
FP Markets
Demo
Plus500
Demo
FXPrimus
Demo
easyMarkets
Demo
Excluded Countries ID, IR, KP, BE, CA, JP, SY, TR, IL, BY, AL, MD, MK, RS, GN, CD, SD, ZW, ET, GH, TZ, LY, UG, ZM, BW, RW, TN, SO, NA, TG, SL, LR, GM, DJ, CI, PK, BN, TW, WS, NP, SG, VI, TM, TJ, UZ, LK, TT, HT, MM, BT, MH, MV, KZ, GD, FJ, BB, BM, BS, AG, AI, AW, LB, SV, US, PY, HN, GT, PR, NI, VG, AN, US, IN, PK, BD, NG , ID, BE, AU AF, GN, SL, BW, IR, SY, MM, IQ, TG, KH, LS, YE, CI , LR, ZW, CU, LY, TZ, CG, ML, BO, LR, NE, AO, GM, NG, AG, GH, KR, KG, GN, SN, NA BE, BR, KP, NZ, TR, US, CA, SG US, JP BR, KR, IR, IQ, SY, JP, US US, CA, IL, KR, IR, MM, CU, SD, SY US, JP, NZ MY, BE, US, CA, CN, ID, PH, TG, NG, DO, MA, ZW, PR, TZ, TN, UG, BW, AO, AE AF, CI, CU, IQ, IR, LY, MM, KR, SD, PR, US, AU, SY, DZ, JP, EC. US

eToro Risk Disclosure

eToro is a multi-asset platform which offers both investing in stocks and cryptoassets, as well as trading CFDs.

Please note that CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 67% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work, and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.

Past performance is not an indication of future results.

Cryptoassets are volatile instruments which can fluctuate widely in a very short timeframe and therefore are not appropriate for all investors. Other than via CFDs, trading cryptoassets is unregulated and therefore is not supervised by any EU regulatory framework.

eToro USA LLC does not offer CFDs and makes no representation and assumes no liability as to the accuracy or completeness of the content of this publication, which has been prepared by our partner utilizing publicly available non-entity specific information about eToro.


All Investment Platforms in more detail

You can compare Investment Platforms ratings, min deposits what the the broker offers, funding methods, platforms, spread types, customer support options, regulation and account types side by side.

We also have an indepth Top Investment Platforms for 2021 article further below. You can see it now by clicking here

We have listed top Investment Platforms below.

Options Risks List

eToro
(4/5)
Min deposit : 50
Visit eToro Try a Demo Read review

eToro is a multi-asset platform which offers both investing in stocks and cryptoassets, as well as trading CFDs.

Please note that CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 67% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work, and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.

Past performance is not an indication of future results.

Cryptoassets are volatile instruments which can fluctuate widely in a very short timeframe and therefore are not appropriate for all investors. Other than via CFDs, trading cryptoassets is unregulated and therefore is not supervised by any EU regulatory framework.

eToro USA LLC does not offer CFDs and makes no representation and assumes no liability as to the accuracy or completeness of the content of this publication, which has been prepared by our partner utilizing publicly available non-entity specific information about eToro.

eToro was established in 2007 and is used by over 20000000+ traders. 67% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. eToro offers Stocks, Commodities, Forex, CFDs, Social Trading, Indices, Cryptocurrency, Index Based Funds, Exchange Traded Funds (ETF). Cryptocurrency availability with eToro is subject to regulation. Buying and selling real cryptocurrency assets may not be available in your country through eToro. Please check the latest information made available on their website.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Markets In Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID), Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC)
XTB
(4/5)
Min deposit : 0
XTB was established in 2002 and is used by over 250000+ traders. 77% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. XTB offers Forex, CFDs, Cryptocurrency. Cryptocurrency availability with XTB is subject to regulation.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

MT4, Mirror Trader, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), FCA number FRN 522157, Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), CySEC Licence Number: 169/12, Comisión Nacional del Mercado de Valores, Komisja Nadzoru Finansowego, Belize International Financial Services Commission (IFSC) under license number IFSC/60/413/TS/19, Polish Securities and Exchange Commission (KPWiG)
IC Markets
(4/5)
Min deposit : 200
IC Markets was established in 2007 and is used by over 180000+ traders. Losses can exceed deposits IC Markets offers Forex, CFDs, Spread Betting, Share dealing, Cryptocurrencies. Cryptocurrency availability with IC Markets is subject to regulation.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

MT4, MT5, Mirror Trader, ZuluTrade, Web Trader, cTrader, Mac

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), Financial Services Authority (FSA), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC)
AvaTrade
(4/5)
Min deposit : 250
AvaTrade was established in 2006 and is used by over 200000+ traders. 72% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider AvaTrade offers Forex, CFDs, Spread Betting, Social Trading.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

Web Trader, MT4, MT5, AvaTradeGo, AvaOptions, Mac, Mobile Apps, ZuluTrade, DupliTrade, MQL5

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Central Bank of Ireland, Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), Financial Services Authority (FSA), South African Financial Sector Conduct Authority (FSCA), Financial Stability Board (FSB), Abu Dhabi Global Markets (ADGM), Financial Regulatory Services Authority (FRSA), British Virgin Islands Financial Services Commission (BVI)
Roboforex
(4/5)
Min deposit : 1
Roboforex was established in 2009 and is used by over 10000+ traders. Losses can exceed deposits Roboforex offers Forex, CFDs.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

MT4, MT5, Mac, Web Trader, cTrader, Tablet & Mobile apps

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC)
Pepperstone
(4/5)
Min deposit : 200
Pepperstone was established in 2010 and is used by over 89000+ traders. CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 79.3% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money Pepperstone offers Forex, CFDs, Social Trading.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

MT4, MT5, Mac, ZuluTrade, Web Trader, cTrader, Tablet & Mobile apps

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Federal Financial Supervisory Authority (BaFin), Dubai Financial Services Authority (DFSA), Capital Markets Authority of Kenya (CMA), Pepperstone Markets Limited is incorporated in The Bahamas (number 177174 B), Licensed by the Securities Commission of the Bahamas (SCB) number SIA-F217
XM
(4/5)
Min deposit : 5
XM was established in 2009 and is used by over 3500000+ traders. Your capital is at risk XM offers Forex, CFDs.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

MT4, MT5, Mac, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by International Financial Services Commission (IFSC), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC)
FP Markets
(4/5)
Min deposit : 100
FP Markets was established in 2005 and is used by over 10000+ traders. Losses can exceed deposits FP Markets offers Forex, CFDs.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

MT4, MT5, IRESS, Mac, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC)
Plus500
(4/5)
Min deposit : 100
Plus500 was established in 2008 and is used by over 15500+ traders. 72% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. Plus500 offers CFDs.


Plus500 offer a 100% Free and Unlimited Demo account No Deposit fees/Commissions No hidden fees Competitive fees Tight Spreads

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Plus500UK Ltd authorized & regulated by the FCA (#509909), Plus500CY Ltd authorized & regulated by CySEC (#250/14), Plus500AU Pty Ltd (ACN 153301681), ASIC in Australia AFSL #417727, FMA in New Zealand, FSP #486026 and Authorised Financial Services Provider in South Africa FSP #47546
FXPrimus
(4/5)
Min deposit : 100
FXPrimus was established in 2009 and is used by over 10000+ traders. Losses can exceed deposits FXPrimus offers Forex, Social Trading.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

MT4, Mac, Mirror Trader, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Markets In Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID)
EasyMarkets
(4/5)
Min deposit : 100
easyMarkets was established in 2001 and is used by over 142500+ traders. Your capital is at risk easyMarkets offers CFD, Forex, Commodities, Indices, Shares, Crypto. Cryptocurrency availability with easyMarkets is subject to regulation.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

MT4, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC)

Learn more Learn more about eToro.
67% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider.