Option Spread Strategies for 2021

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Option Spread Strategies Guide

Updated September 16, 2021

Option Spread Strategies

Most traders start options trading without having a vast knowledge of it, and with few strategies to make use of. Option spread strategies are not limited. There are many, and they help in limiting the risk as well as maximizing the return. A little effort can help in taking advantage of the power and flexibility of stock options. In this article titled Option Spread Strategies, we will take a quick look at some of the best option spread strategies.

Covered Call

A simple and popular strategy is to buy a naked call option. It can be structured as a either buy-write or covered call, and it helps in reducing risks and generating income. Traders need to sell the shares at a set price. Suppose a call option is used to represent 100 shares. The trader sells one call option against each that is bought. It is called a covered call as the short call here is covered by the long position.

The strategy is mostly used when one has a short-term position and the opinion is neutral. Traders may also seek to generate income by either selling the call premium or protecting the investment against any dip in the price of an underlying asset.

Married Put

When an investor buys an asset and simultaneously buys put options for the same number of shares, it is called the married put strategy. The put option holder can sell the put options at the stake price. Each contract here is worth 100 shares.

The strategy helps in protecting the downside risk of holding a stock. It is similar to an insurance policy, as a price floor is established even when the price of a stock dips sharply.

If an investor purchases 100 units of shares and simultaneously purchases one put option, he is able to protect the downside. He can even equally take part in the upside opportunity when the stock gains value. However, if the price does not dip, he loses the premium paid for buying the option.

Bull Call Spread

If the calls are bought at a strike price while a equal number of calls is simultaneously sold at a higher price, it is called a bull call spread strategy. The expiry date here for both the call options should be the same. Investors use the strategy when the market is bullish. A moderate price rise is expected. Investors can limit the upside here along with minimizing the net premium spent.

Bear Put Spread

Investors in a bear put spread strategy buy put options at a strike price, while at the same time selling an equal number of puts below the strike price. Both options have the same expiry date. The strategy is mostly used by such investors who have a bearish sentiment as it offers limited losses as well as limited gains.

Long Straddle

If the call option and put option are purchased simultaneously with the same expiry date and strike price, it is called a long straddle. The strategy is used when it is assumed the price may significantly move out of a specific range, but the direction is not known.

Long Strangle

Under this strategy, one buys an out-of-the-money call option along with an out-of-the-money put option having the same expiry date of the underlying asset. This strategy is used if it is assumed the price may make a large move, but the direction is not known.

Long Call Butterfly Spread

Under this strategy, one combines bull spread strategy as well as bear spread strategy. The expiry date and the underlying asset are the same here.

Iron Condor

Under the strategy, the bull put spread as well as the bear call spread are held simultaneously. It is based on selling one out-of-the-money put option abreast of purchasing one out-of-the-money put option of a lower strike. Simultaneously, one out-of-the-money call option is sold along with one out-of-the-money call option of a higher strike price being bought. The first is called a bull put spread while the second is known as a bear call spread.

Option Spread Strategies Verdict

In this article we discussed some of the most used and best option spread strategies such as covered call, married put, bull call spread, bear put spread, long straddle, and long strangle. Beginners are suggested to have ample knowledge about these strategies before exercising any of them. A proper strategy executed well may help in maximizing profit and minimizing risk.

We've collected thousands of datapoints and written a guide to help you find the best Option Spread Strategies for you. We hope this guide helps you find a reputable broker that matches what you need. We list the what we think are the best Investment Platforms below.

Reputable Option Spread Strategies Checklist

There are a number of important factors to consider when picking an online Investment Platforms trading brokerage.

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Top 15 Investment Platforms of 2021 compared

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Broker eToro XTB IC Markets AvaTrade Roboforex Pepperstone XM FP Markets Plus500 FXPrimus EasyMarkets
Rating
Regulation Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Markets In Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID), Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), FCA number FRN 522157, Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), CySEC Licence Number: 169/12, Comisión Nacional del Mercado de Valores, Komisja Nadzoru Finansowego, Belize International Financial Services Commission (IFSC) under license number IFSC/60/413/TS/19, Polish Securities and Exchange Commission (KPWiG) Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), Financial Services Authority (FSA), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC) Central Bank of Ireland, Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), Financial Services Authority (FSA), South African Financial Sector Conduct Authority (FSCA), Financial Stability Board (FSB), Abu Dhabi Global Markets (ADGM), Financial Regulatory Services Authority (FRSA), British Virgin Islands Financial Services Commission (BVI) Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC) Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Federal Financial Supervisory Authority (BaFin), Dubai Financial Services Authority (DFSA), Capital Markets Authority of Kenya (CMA), Pepperstone Markets Limited is incorporated in The Bahamas (number 177174 B), Licensed by the Securities Commission of the Bahamas (SCB) number SIA-F217 International Financial Services Commission (IFSC), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC) Plus500UK Ltd authorized & regulated by the FCA (#509909), Plus500CY Ltd authorized & regulated by CySEC (#250/14), Plus500AU Pty Ltd (ACN 153301681), ASIC in Australia AFSL #417727, FMA in New Zealand, FSP #486026 and Authorised Financial Services Provider in South Africa FSP #47546 Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Markets In Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID) Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC)
Min Deposit 50 No minimum deposit 200 250 1 200 5 100 100 100 100
Funding
  • Bank transfer
  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
  • Bank transfer
  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
  • Bank transfer
  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
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  • Credit Card
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  • Credit Card
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  • Credit Card
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  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
  • Bank transfer
  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
  • Bank transfer
  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
  • Bank transfer
  • Credit Card
  • Paypal
Used By 20,000,000+ 250,000+ 180,000+ 200,000+ 10,000+ 89,000+ 3,500,000+ 10,000+ 15,500+ 10,000+ 142,500+
Benefits
  • Offers STP
  • Low min deposit
  • Offers Negative Balance Protection
  • Allows scalping
  • Allows hedging
  • Offers STP
  • Low min deposit
  • Offers Negative Balance Protection
  • Allows scalping
  • Allows hedging
  • Low min deposit
  • Offers Negative Balance Protection
  • Allows scalping
  • Allows hedging
  • Low min deposit
  • Allows scalping
  • Allows hedging
  • Offers STP
  • Low min deposit
  • Allows scalping
  • Allows hedging
  • Offers STP
  • Low min deposit
  • Offers Negative Balance Protection
  • Allows scalping
  • Allows hedging
  • Low min deposit
  • Offers Negative Balance Protection
  • Allows scalping
  • Allows hedging
  • Offers STP
  • Low min deposit
  • Offers Negative Balance Protection
  • Low min deposit
  • Offers Negative Balance Protection
  • Allows scalping
  • Allows hedging
  • Offers STP
  • Low min deposit
  • Allows scalping
  • Allows hedging
  • Low min deposit
  • Guaranteed stop loss
  • Offers Negative Balance Protection
Accounts
  • Demo account
  • Standard account
  • Islamic account
  • Pro account
  • Demo account
  • Micro account
  • Mini account
  • Standard account
  • Islamic account
  • Demo account
  • Mini account
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  • Zero spread account
  • Raw Spread account
  • Islamic account
  • Demo account
  • Micro account
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  • Islamic account
  • Demo account
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  • Zero spread account
  • ECN account
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  • ECN account
  • Islamic account
  • Demo account
  • Micro account
  • Standard account
  • Zero spread account
  • Islamic account
  • Demo account
  • Mini account
  • Standard account
  • Zero spread account
  • ECN account
  • Managed account
  • Islamic account
  • Demo account
  • Standard account
  • Islamic account
  • Demo account
  • Micro account
  • Mini account
  • Standard account
  • ECN account
  • Managed account
  • Islamic account
  • Demo account
  • Micro account
  • Mini account
  • Standard account
  • Islamic account
Spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
  • fixed spreads
  • variable spreads
Platforms Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps MT4, Mirror Trader, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps MT4, MT5, Mirror Trader, ZuluTrade, Web Trader, cTrader, Mac Web Trader, MT4, MT5, AvaTradeGo, AvaOptions, Mac, Mobile Apps, ZuluTrade, DupliTrade, MQL5 MT4, MT5, Mac, Web Trader, cTrader, Tablet & Mobile apps MT4, MT5, Mac, ZuluTrade, Web Trader, cTrader, Tablet & Mobile apps MT4, MT5, Mac, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps MT4, MT5, IRESS, Mac, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps MT4, Mac, Mirror Trader, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps MT4, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps
Support
  • Live chat
  • Phone support
  • Email support
  • Live chat
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  • Live chat
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  • Live chat
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Risk Warning 67% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. 77% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. Losses can exceed deposits 72% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider Losses can exceed deposits CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 79.3% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money Your capital is at risk Losses can exceed deposits 72% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. Losses can exceed deposits Your capital is at risk
Demo eToro
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XTB
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IC Markets
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AvaTrade
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Roboforex
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XM
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FXPrimus
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easyMarkets
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Excluded Countries ID, IR, KP, BE, CA, JP, SY, TR, IL, BY, AL, MD, MK, RS, GN, CD, SD, ZW, ET, GH, TZ, LY, UG, ZM, BW, RW, TN, SO, NA, TG, SL, LR, GM, DJ, CI, PK, BN, TW, WS, NP, SG, VI, TM, TJ, UZ, LK, TT, HT, MM, BT, MH, MV, KZ, GD, FJ, BB, BM, BS, AG, AI, AW, LB, SV, US, PY, HN, GT, PR, NI, VG, AN, US, IN, PK, BD, NG , ID, BE, AU AF, GN, SL, BW, IR, SY, MM, IQ, TG, KH, LS, YE, CI , LR, ZW, CU, LY, TZ, CG, ML, BO, LR, NE, AO, GM, NG, AG, GH, KR, KG, GN, SN, NA BE, BR, KP, NZ, TR, US, CA, SG US, JP BR, KR, IR, IQ, SY, JP, US US, CA, IL, KR, IR, MM, CU, SD, SY US, JP, NZ MY, BE, US, CA, CN, ID, PH, TG, NG, DO, MA, ZW, PR, TZ, TN, UG, BW, AO, AE AF, CI, CU, IQ, IR, LY, MM, KR, SD, PR, US, AU, SY, DZ, JP, EC. US

eToro Risk Disclosure

eToro is a multi-asset platform which offers both investing in stocks and cryptoassets, as well as trading CFDs.

Please note that CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 67% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work, and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.

Past performance is not an indication of future results.

Cryptoassets are volatile instruments which can fluctuate widely in a very short timeframe and therefore are not appropriate for all investors. Other than via CFDs, trading cryptoassets is unregulated and therefore is not supervised by any EU regulatory framework.

eToro USA LLC does not offer CFDs and makes no representation and assumes no liability as to the accuracy or completeness of the content of this publication, which has been prepared by our partner utilizing publicly available non-entity specific information about eToro.


All Investment Platforms in more detail

You can compare Investment Platforms ratings, min deposits what the the broker offers, funding methods, platforms, spread types, customer support options, regulation and account types side by side.

We also have an indepth Top Investment Platforms for 2021 article further below. You can see it now by clicking here

We have listed top Investment Platforms below.

Option Spread Strategies List

eToro
(4/5)
Min deposit : 50
Visit eToro Try a Demo Read review

eToro is a multi-asset platform which offers both investing in stocks and cryptoassets, as well as trading CFDs.

Please note that CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 67% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work, and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.

Past performance is not an indication of future results.

Cryptoassets are volatile instruments which can fluctuate widely in a very short timeframe and therefore are not appropriate for all investors. Other than via CFDs, trading cryptoassets is unregulated and therefore is not supervised by any EU regulatory framework.

eToro USA LLC does not offer CFDs and makes no representation and assumes no liability as to the accuracy or completeness of the content of this publication, which has been prepared by our partner utilizing publicly available non-entity specific information about eToro.

eToro was established in 2007 and is used by over 20000000+ traders. 67% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. eToro offers Stocks, Commodities, Forex, CFDs, Social Trading, Indices, Cryptocurrency, Index Based Funds, Exchange Traded Funds (ETF). Cryptocurrency availability with eToro is subject to regulation. Buying and selling real cryptocurrency assets may not be available in your country through eToro. Please check the latest information made available on their website.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Markets In Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID), Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC)
XTB
(4/5)
Min deposit : 0
XTB was established in 2002 and is used by over 250000+ traders. 77% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. XTB offers Forex, CFDs, Cryptocurrency. Cryptocurrency availability with XTB is subject to regulation.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

MT4, Mirror Trader, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), FCA number FRN 522157, Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), CySEC Licence Number: 169/12, Comisión Nacional del Mercado de Valores, Komisja Nadzoru Finansowego, Belize International Financial Services Commission (IFSC) under license number IFSC/60/413/TS/19, Polish Securities and Exchange Commission (KPWiG)
IC Markets
(4/5)
Min deposit : 200
IC Markets was established in 2007 and is used by over 180000+ traders. Losses can exceed deposits IC Markets offers Forex, CFDs, Spread Betting, Share dealing, Cryptocurrencies. Cryptocurrency availability with IC Markets is subject to regulation.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

MT4, MT5, Mirror Trader, ZuluTrade, Web Trader, cTrader, Mac

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), Financial Services Authority (FSA), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC)
AvaTrade
(4/5)
Min deposit : 250
AvaTrade was established in 2006 and is used by over 200000+ traders. 72% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider AvaTrade offers Forex, CFDs, Spread Betting, Social Trading.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

Web Trader, MT4, MT5, AvaTradeGo, AvaOptions, Mac, Mobile Apps, ZuluTrade, DupliTrade, MQL5

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Central Bank of Ireland, Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), Financial Services Authority (FSA), South African Financial Sector Conduct Authority (FSCA), Financial Stability Board (FSB), Abu Dhabi Global Markets (ADGM), Financial Regulatory Services Authority (FRSA), British Virgin Islands Financial Services Commission (BVI)
Roboforex
(4/5)
Min deposit : 1
Roboforex was established in 2009 and is used by over 10000+ traders. Losses can exceed deposits Roboforex offers Forex, CFDs.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

MT4, MT5, Mac, Web Trader, cTrader, Tablet & Mobile apps

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC)
Pepperstone
(4/5)
Min deposit : 200
Pepperstone was established in 2010 and is used by over 89000+ traders. CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 79.3% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money Pepperstone offers Forex, CFDs, Social Trading.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

MT4, MT5, Mac, ZuluTrade, Web Trader, cTrader, Tablet & Mobile apps

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Federal Financial Supervisory Authority (BaFin), Dubai Financial Services Authority (DFSA), Capital Markets Authority of Kenya (CMA), Pepperstone Markets Limited is incorporated in The Bahamas (number 177174 B), Licensed by the Securities Commission of the Bahamas (SCB) number SIA-F217
XM
(4/5)
Min deposit : 5
XM was established in 2009 and is used by over 3500000+ traders. Your capital is at risk XM offers Forex, CFDs.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

MT4, MT5, Mac, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by International Financial Services Commission (IFSC), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC)
FP Markets
(4/5)
Min deposit : 100
FP Markets was established in 2005 and is used by over 10000+ traders. Losses can exceed deposits FP Markets offers Forex, CFDs.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

MT4, MT5, IRESS, Mac, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC)
Plus500
(4/5)
Min deposit : 100
Plus500 was established in 2008 and is used by over 15500+ traders. 72% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. Plus500 offers CFDs.


Plus500 offer a 100% Free and Unlimited Demo account No Deposit fees/Commissions No hidden fees Competitive fees Tight Spreads

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Plus500UK Ltd authorized & regulated by the FCA (#509909), Plus500CY Ltd authorized & regulated by CySEC (#250/14), Plus500AU Pty Ltd (ACN 153301681), ASIC in Australia AFSL #417727, FMA in New Zealand, FSP #486026 and Authorised Financial Services Provider in South Africa FSP #47546
FXPrimus
(4/5)
Min deposit : 100
FXPrimus was established in 2009 and is used by over 10000+ traders. Losses can exceed deposits FXPrimus offers Forex, Social Trading.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

MT4, Mac, Mirror Trader, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Markets In Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID)
EasyMarkets
(4/5)
Min deposit : 100
easyMarkets was established in 2001 and is used by over 142500+ traders. Your capital is at risk easyMarkets offers CFD, Forex, Commodities, Indices, Shares, Crypto. Cryptocurrency availability with easyMarkets is subject to regulation.

Funding methods

Bank transfer Credit Card Paypal

Platforms

MT4, Web Trader, Tablet & Mobile apps

Customer support

Live chat Phone support Email support

Account Types

Micro account Standard account Islamic account VIP account
Regulated by Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC)

Learn more Learn more about eToro.
67% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider.